‘All This, and Heaven Too’

Original poster.

Original poster.

Warner Bros.’ big prestige picture of 1940 was an historical romance called “All This, and Heaven Too.” At the time, it was the most expensive picture Warners had ever produced. Sixty-five exterior sets and thirty-five interiors were built specifically for this production. It’s a long, sumptuous, romantic picture, told almost entirely in flashback; if you’re willing to overlook a considerable amount of silliness, it’s a comfortable and absorbing affair; several moments in it are exquisitely beautiful, but there is much about it that I find grating and unfortunate — most notably the numerous occasions when the writing and acting veer off-course and land deep in the thickets of camp.  At its best, the writing is excellent, which prevents the camp excesses from giving me the dubious pleasure I get from, say, camp classics such as “The Damned Don’t Cry” and “The Bad Seed.”  Those pictures are so uniformly crummy that the crumminess is what makes them fun to watch. Quite the opposite with “All This, and Heaven Too”: it could have been a great picture, but it’s undermined by its many lapses of judgment and taste.

Most of the acting falls somewhere between good and excellent, but two performances (one important: Barbara O’Neil, one not: Richard Nichols) are staggeringly terrible. Perhaps it’s a bit mean-spirited to pick on little Richard Nichols (who was only four years old at the time), but he was in five pictures in 1940 (including “Kitty Foyle,” for which Ginger Rogers won that year’s Oscar for Best Actress), and in all of them, he is excruciating. The following year, he had a rather more important part as Lars-Erik in “A Woman’s Face,” where he’s imperilled not only by Joan Crawford, who intends to kill him for the money he stands to inherit, but also by that Teutonic super-villain par excellence, Conrad Veidt, who takes over the assignment when Miss Crawford proves too squeamish to finish the job. Everyone who watches old movies has one child actor he dislikes more than all the others: Margaret O’Brien infuriates many people of her own generation (I’m not crazy about her myself — in “Meet Me in St. Louis,” she proved she couldn’t dance or carry a tune — but she was a reasonably good actress, and she grew up to be a smart, interesting woman); I know a lot of baby-boomers who loathe various members of The Brady Bunch and are especially poisonous about Susan Olsen, who played Cindy (and who can blame them?); but for my money, Richard Nichols is the nadir of cutesy-pie child awfulness (edging out Judy Nugent by a coyly wrinkled nose). It is perhaps worth repeating what I’ve said in the past: I never blame bad child performances on the kids who give them, but on the swine who coach them and teach them to behave unnaturally before a camera. At all events, young Master Nichols made his last picture in 1944 and I thank him for it.

Based on the novel of the same name, “All This, and Heaven Too” tells the story of Henriette Deluzy Desportes (Bette Davis), a French governess who spent time in the notorious French prison, la Conciergerie, after having been implicated in the murder of her employer’s wife, the Duchesse de Praslin (Barbara O’Neil). M. le Duc (Charles Boyer) was charged with the murder of his wife; Mlle. Desportes was alleged to have been his mistress and therefore was implicated in the murder. The story is based on a real-life scandal that, according to a sentimental view of history, brought down the government of King Louis-Philippe in 1847. This isn’t entirely false, but history is always rather more complicated than it appears in romance novels and Warner Bros. pictures. The July Monarchy was already on the verge of toppling, and this scandal did much to inflame popular indignation against the government, but the monarchy did not fall because the combination of a loveless aristocratic marriage and a pretty governess ended in murder.

Bette Davis, who plays “Mlle. D . . . ” (as she came to be known in the newspapers of the day), could play a social climbing mistress with murder in her heart while standing on her head. In this version of the story, however, Davis plays against type: Mlle. Desportes is entirely innocent of any wrongdoing . . . even to the point of becoming a camp version of maidenly perfection, forbearance and modesty. She and M. le Duc are clearly in love, but they never speak of it, nor do they ever come close to committing the slightest transgression. Rachel Field, who wrote the best-selling novel, was the grand-niece of Henriette Deluzy Desportes; in her telling, the governess is perfect, while Mme. le Duchesse is a neurasthenic monster who richly deserves to be murdered savagely. Here she is on the brink of getting what she’s got coming to her. Barbara O’Neil’s entire performance is pitched at approximately the same level. I hardly need add that she was nominated for an Oscar. It’s the sort of performance voters seem to like. I file it under the heading “Come into Camp.”

Whenever this picture is shown on TCM, there’s nearly always a mention about O’Neil’s range as an actress: the year before this, she played the soft and gentle mother of Scarlett O’Hara. In that one, she made no impression whatever; in this one, she’s a drag queen from a Charles Busch travesty, but without the compensation of also being funny. It’s a hard performance to forgive, though it’s not entirely her fault. So much of the rest of the picture is sensitive and emotionally complex, that the presence of this English panto villainess at its center throws a monkey wrench into the story’s works. O’Neil makes no attempt to understand this woman’s violent temper: there’s no trace of an emotional process in her performance, no evolution of jealousy as it festers and turns into full-scale madness. Instead, she plays a foregone conclusion: she’s an aristocratic virago without rhyme or reason.

Though I believe Bette Davis is the greatest, most versatile of all the movie stars to come out of Hollywood, she’s never at her best when playing Patient Griselda: she handles such roles persuasively enough, and nearly always finds interesting ways to play restraint and dignified disappointment, but temperamentally, such parts don’t give her enough to do: she was always better at expression than repression. In this picture, I’m afraid she more than occasionally trespasses into camp, but in her case, it is almost entirely due to the excessively artificial language of noble suffering that Casey Robinson has written for her. Here are two of her best scenes, both with Charles Boyer, who is wonderful — though his thick accent often makes him difficult to understand. His penultimate line in this scene is Casey Robinson at his best. Robinson apparently thought so, too, because the line comes back two more times before the pictures concludes — not a disastrous mistake, but certainly a regrettable one. (Max Steiner did the beautiful score: he was never at a loss for a melodic line that was both beautiful and appropriate.)

And here is Davis at her best in this picture. She and Boyer got along well enough, but she fought with Litvak, who was a good friend of Boyer’s. (Litvak directed Boyer in the French picture, “Mayerling” two years earlier.) I think this is the best scene in the picture. Everything is right with it. Robinson’s writing is elevated, but not fulsome.

Henry Daniell, that ubiquitous Nellie from the Studio Era, is on hand to snarl and make prissiness looking menacing; Jeffrey Lynn is bad in an impossible part; Ann Gillis as Emily Schuyler, the vicious little pupil who sets schoolmistress Bette Davis a-talking about her life-story, is campily amusing (“Mam’selle, can you tell us how to spell Conciergerie?”): she’s the template for all the venemous little girls in flouncy dresses (Veda Pierce, Rhoda Penmark, et al.) to come. But she, too, pulls the story in the direction of camp, much to the picture’s detriment.

16 thoughts on “‘All This, and Heaven Too’

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  3. Robert.d

    As a big Betty Davis fan I find her acting in this movie as genius her restraint as the governess being torn between her position and her love showed such range you’re able to feel her pain she takes you on the journey with her in this family a brilliant movie great acting and a wonderful score

    1. Barbara Noto

      This movie was superb. ALL the actors and actresses were absolutely wonderful, after all, we are talking Bette Davis- Charles Boyer-Richard Nichols etc. I enjoyed this movie tremendously. Barbara

  4. Ellen Asleson

    I think this is one of BETTE (NOT Betty) Davis’s best roles. She is superb in it. And I certainly don’t fall into the camp of those who think little Richard Nichols was terrible in it. He was only 4 years old; he had a large role and a very demanding part in a very long movie. I think he was adorable and more than held his own with the best actress in the business.

    1. Linda

      I wholeheartedly agree. Richard Nichols is darling. Barbara O’Neil is over the top, but imagine is directed to be so in this melodrama….otherwise how could we empathize with the long suffering Duc? And the neglected children?

  5. Mymymy

    Barbara O’Neill did a great job. Unless you read the letters the Duchess wrote, it does seem unbelievable that anyone would act that way but she did write that way. It was annoying that the French child had a Southern American accent thought. Mrs. Field’s account was obviously only one side of the story and a whitewashed version at that.

  6. Joy Rauth

    Love at first sight — Richard Nichols won my heart with his touching performance in this movie. Made me cry. Subsequently saw him in “Kitty Foyle” and “A Woman’s Face”. Had to chime in here (better late than never) when I read the article negating his talent. I hope he knows how much he and his work are appreciated.

  7. Joy Rauth

    This is a correction of my prior comment regarding Richard Nichols. I acknowledge and applaud the author’s allocation of blame for poor child-acting to studio acting coaches. Nevertheless, Master Nichols’ ability, at the tender age of 4, to poignantly play Reynald evoked deep emotion. He has an innate, irresistible charm. I want to see as many of his performances as I can, gauging them through the lens provided by Mr. Reinert.

  8. Carl-Edward

    Children, e.g. Dickie Moore in: ‘Blonde Venus’, William Poulsen in: ‘Another Thin Man’ and animals, e.g. Asta in The Thin Man series, tend to ruin otherwise good films. The same applies to adolescents: the obnoxious character played by Darryl Hickman in: ‘Leave Her To Heaven’; Virginia Weidler in any film; the young Bonita Granville. The list is endless.

  9. Karen

    I thought that Richard Nichols was absolutely adorable (for painful child performances, see Buster Phelps in Three on a Match). And Barbara O’Neil was, for me, appropriately horrid. I loved your write-up, though.

  10. Shari Polikoff

    Am I the only one who thought Barbara O’Neil’s performance was magnificent? The duchess didn’t just become paranoid and jealous after Henriette’s arrival. It obviously had been building for years, and as portrayed by Ms. O’Neil, I see the deep pain and desperation of a woman who knows she’s lost her husband’s love, if she ever had it at all. When the duke describes her as “clutching,” etc., it reminds me of what I once read about Laurence Olivier feeling “suffocated” by Vivien Leigh’s constant need for attention and affirmation of his love, which brought about the end of their 20-year marriage. The scenes between the duchess and her priest also show her emotional turmoil, an agony that can’t be soothed by his advice to “have patience, my child.” Exquisite acting in a stunningly beautiful movie.


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